In an agreed statement, Russia and the United States should present non-exhaustive lists of weapons that they would consider and consider new types of strategic offensive weapons. The nuclear arms race was one of the most alarming features of the superpower between the United States and the Soviet Union. Both sides quickly developed their nuclear reserves, but after two decades they tried to reduce their arsenal. Disarmament efforts intensified after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, but maintaining the momentum and confidence in arms control between the United States and Russia proved difficult. The sharp decline in U.S.-Russian relations since New START came into force has increased the risk of both a quantitative arms race and a type of deep crisis or conflict that could make nuclear use possible. As a result, the need for strategic arms control is greater than at any time since the end of the Cold War. Indeed, the U.S. National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year 2020, passed with overwhelming support between parties, emphasizes that “legally binding and verifiable boundaries for Russia`s strategic nuclear forces are in the interest of U.S. national security.” 2 The United States and the Russian Federation sign START II, which will be ratified in 1996 by the U.S.
Congress (with conditions). The Russian Duma ratified the agreement in 2000, based on the United States` compliance with the anti-ballistic missile treaty. Building on START I, this recent arms reduction effort aims to reduce the strategic power of the United States and Russia to 3,500 explosive warheads. But perhaps the biggest challenge to a follow-up agreement is simply the dangerous state of U.S.-Russian relations – a “deep crisis,” as several Russian officials say.30 Even at the best of times, it is difficult to negotiate a strategic arms control agreement. In the present circumstances, if the default assumption for each state is that the other is acting with bad intentions and they have to deal with new technologies that have never been regulated, the negotiations would probably be particularly hectic. It was a controversial negotiation experience between Jimmy Carter and Leonid Brezhnev between 1977 and 1979 between the United States and the Soviet Union, which attempted to limit the production of strategic nuclear weapons.